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Difference between zamak 5 and zamak 3

    Difference between zamak 5 and zamak 3

    Zinc alloy has a low melting point, good fluidity; easy welding; good mechanical; and corrosion resistance in the atmosphere; therefore it is be weld used on industry. as a result the process produce Zinc parts called Hot chamber die casting;  Zamak 3 and Zamak 5 is zinc alloy ingot; as has been noted they have different character; but what is difference between zamak 5 and zamak 3? lets explore more on them. 

    What is Zamak?


    ZAMAK is a family of alloys which has a base metal of zinc and alloying element of aluminum;magnesium and copper. New Jersey in 1929 invented zamak alloy. ZAMAK is an abbreviation of German name for the metals of which the alloys are composed: Zink (Zink) Aluminium Magnesium and Kupfer copper alloys. These alloys (especially #3s and #5) are often used for the Die Casting industry.


    Zamak 3 and Zamak 5 Chemical Composition


    ElementZamak 3 Content(%)Zamak 5 Content(%)
    Aluminum, Al3.5-4.33.5-4.3
    Copper, Cu0.250.75-1.25
    Magnesium, Mg0.02-0.050.02-0.05
    Iron, Fe0.10.1
    Lead, Pb0.0050.005
    Cadmium, Cd0.0040.004
    Tin, Sn0.0030.003

    Zamak 3 and Zamak 5 Physical Properties


    Density6.6 g/cm30.24 lb/in3
    Melting point380-386°C717-727°F

    Mechanical Properties


    Zamak 3 alloy


    Tensile strength268 MPa38900 psi
    Yield strength208 MPa30200 psi
    Modulus of elasticity96 GPa14000000 psi
    Elongation at break10%10%
    Brinell hardness8282

    Zamak 5 alloy


    Tensile strength331 MPa48000 psi
    Yield strength295 MPa43000 psi
    Modulus of elasticity96 GPa14000000 psi
    Elongation at break7%7%
    Brinell hardness9191

    Thermal Properties


    PropertiesZamak 3 MetricZamak 5 Metric
    Thermal conductivity113 W/mK109 W/mK

    Zamak 3 Equivalent


    Zamak 3Alloy 3AG40AZDC 2ZX01Alloy AZ-A4Z400Z35520

    Zinc Die Casting alloy Advantage


    1. Relative specific gravity.

    2. Good casting performance, can die-cast complex shape, thin-walled precision parts, smooth casting surface.

    3. Surface treatment: electroplating, spraying, painting, polishing, grinding, etc.

    4. No iron absorption when melting and die-casting, no corrosion of the die casting die, no sticky die.

    5. have very good room temperature mechanical properties and wear resistance.

    6. low melting point, melting at 385℃, easy to die-casting molding.


    Zinc Die Casting Alloy Disadvantage


    The most common defect of zinc alloy die casting is surface blistering.

    Defects characterization: die casting surface has raised small bubbles; Mainly manifested as:

    A. die-casting Parts come out of die with Porosity

    B. polishing or processing revealed

    C. After oil spraying or plating.


    How can we reduce the disadvantages of zinc alloy die casting and improve its accuracy?


    1, we have Multi-Slide and Conventional Die Casting machine. We determine the model according to the different requirements of different products.
    2, we will do DFM parting in the mold design stage, and use computer-aided technology to predict the position of air bubbles and how to improve them in advance.
    3. In the surface treatment stage of the product, we can strengthen the process control to improve the product yield rate.
    4. With the help of CCD visual inspector, 100% full inspection, reduce the flow of defective products


    Zinc Die Casting Applications


    Now more and more industry are using zinc alloy material for their parts, such as in below industry.

    Decoration Parts
    Industry Parts
    communication parts
    Automotive parts
    Consumer Parts



    Looking for a reliable zinc alloy die casting parts manufacturers for your next project?